[21][22] This version was recorded by famed Italian mythographer Natalis Comes. Hebe is the Goddess of Eternal Youth as well as the Keeper of the Fountain of Youth. She was another version of her mother in the latter's quality of Hera Pais, 'Hera the young maiden'. There, she entered the garden of Flora and she touched a sole, nameless plant from the land of Olene and became pregnant with Ares. [6][35] This is another justification for her marriage to Heracles, as it ensures not only his immortality but also eternal youth, which were not viewed as equivalent in myths, such as with the case of Tithonus. [44] This site also contained gymnasium and alters for Herakles and joint alter to Alcmene and Iolaus[45] In Sicyon, there was a temple dedicated to here and it was the center of her own cult. [60], There is a bronze statue of Hebe, by Robert Thomas; (1966), in Birmingham city centre, England. The bird was furious at being brought indoors to her studio and badly frightened her, though it looks relatively harmless in the painting (now in the Hermitage Museum). [20], Hebe had two children with Heracles: Alexiares and Anicetus. [49] Hebe may have also been depicted on a fragmentary votive relief that was excavated near the Erechtheion, which shows Heracles being crowned by Nike, who places her left arm around another goddess's shoulders.
In some traditions that were recorded by Servius, her father Zeus gifted her two doves with human voices, and one flew to where the Oracle of Dodona would be established. Notably, the Mercure de France addressed Marie-Antoinette as Hebe upon her marriage. [29][30] Here the couple is presented as one of the paradigms for marriage of Philadelphus and Arsinoe with Herakles retiring to Hebe's chambers in a scene reminiscent of a wedding.
", Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. She was also sometimes said to be the Patron of Brides as well as the Goddess of Pardon and Forgiveness. She is also sometimes shown with wings. A fragment by Callimachus describes Hera holding a feast to celebrate the seventh day after her daughter Hebe's birth. [26], It is possible that she is one of the winged figures from the Parthenon pediment in the British Museum, as the figure stands as an attendant to Hera and is near Zeus and Ares. The depiction reinforces Hebe's connection to weddings and brides. In this play, Iolaus prayed to Hebe to make him young again for a day in order to fight Eurystheus.

This depiction is seen in classical engraved gems as well as later art. An elaborate marble group with a naked Hebe and the eagle with wings outspread was started in 1852 by the elderly François Rude but unfinished by his death in 1855. Hebe was occasionally depicted with wings, which has led to confusion by modern scholars on whether depictions of winged female attendants are Hebe, Iris, or Nike. Hebe has long brown hair, and she has a fringe too. She also is the wife of Hercules and Apollo.

[59] Similar Hebe fountains, probably also from Mott, are located in Court Square, Memphis, Tennessee and in Montgomery, Alabama, and one with bronze patination was formerly the Starkweather Fountain in Ypsilanti, Michigan, installed in 1889. One of her roles was to be the cupbearer to the gods, serving them ambrosia and nectar. Juventas.

Another notable depiction of a winged Hebe is by the Castelgiorgio painter on a cup, who pairs her with her mother and Ganymede analogously with Zeus; Ares stands in the centre of the scene indicating familial harmony. She is the daughter of Zeus and his older sister, Hera. François-Hubert Drouais painted Marie-Antoinette, when Dauphine, en Hébé in 1773, and Angelica Kauffman and Gaspare Landi both painted several Hebes. Hebe was also worshipped as a goddess of pardons or forgiveness; freed prisoners would hang their chains in the sacred grove of her sanctuary at Phlius. In some depictions on vase paintings, such as the Ricci Hydria dated to approximately 525 B.C.E., Hebe drives a chariot and is the one to bring her future husband, Heracles, to Olympus from Earth upon his apotheosis, a role traditionally fulfilled by Athena. [18] The reasoning for Hebe's dismissal was transformed into a moralizing story in the 1500s by the Church of England, where it was stated in a note in an English-Latin dictionary that Hebe fell while in attendance to the gods, causing her dress to become undone, exposing her naked body publicly. Philostratus the Elder states that she is the reason the other gods are eternally young, and Bacchylides alleges that Hebe, as the princess (basileia), is responsible for immortality. [12] Pindar in Nemean Ode 10 refers to her as the most beautiful of the goddesses, and being by her mother's side in Olympus forever. Names(s): In the later period, many depictions were portraits of ladies as Hebe, for which at a minimum the only modifications to a normal costume needed were a flowing white dress, some flowers in the hair and a cup to hold. [3] Hebe was the cupbearer for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving their nectar and ambrosia until she married Heracles (Roman equivalent: Hercules); her successor was the divine hero Ganymede. The two pairs were connected with love and weddings/marriage respectively, which would allude to the young maidens who would soon be married. [23] Hera returned to the garden sometime after his birth and ate lettuce to become pregnant with Hebe. She first appears in Episode 29. [19] Although there is no Classical literary or artistic source for this account, the story was modified to function as a warning to women to stay modestly covered at all times, as naked women in particular were seen as shameful by the Church.

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